Erik J. Peterson DDS
101 N. Harrison
Lindsborg, KS 67456

(785) 227-2299
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dentist office Our Services
Erik J. Peterson, DDS has provided specialized dental care to thousands of families. Our patients come from around the block as well as around the state to experience the warm, personal care we provide. We offer the latest and best dental treatment to our patients including:

• Oral Hygiene
• Dental Cleaning
• Non-Surgical Gum Treatment
• Halitosis
• Cosmetic Dentistry
• Veneers
• Crowns and Bridges
   CROWNS POST-OP INSTRUCTIONS
• Dental Implants
• TMJ Treatments
• Dental Technology
• Intra-oral Imaging
• Paperless Charting

• Fillings
   FILLINGS POST-OP INSTRUCTIONS
  • Root Canal
   ROOT CANAL POST-OP INSTRUCTIONS
• Whitening
• Orthodontics
• Tooth Extractions
   EXTRACTIONS POST-OP INSTRUCTIONS
• Dentures
• Sealants
• Nightguards & Athletic Mouthguards
• Sedation Dentistry
   SEDATION POST-OP INSTRUCTIONS
• X-Rays & Digital X-Rays
• Telescopic Loupes
• Electronic Claims Processing

ORAL HYGIENE CARE
Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Good oral health is important to your overall well-being. Poor oral health will lower your overall ablility ro fight infections. There is a strong connection between gum disease and heart disease.
Daily preventive care, including proper brushing and flossing, will help stop problems before they develop.
In between regular visits to Dr. Peterson, there are simple steps that each of us can take to greatly decrease the risk of developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems. These include:

      • Brush thoroughly twice a day for two minutes and floss daily
      • Eat a balanced diet and limit snacks between meals, including pop and diet pop
      • Use dental products that contain fluoride, including toothpaste
      • Use a fluoride mouth rinse if prescribed by Dr. Peterson
      • Make sure that children under 12 drink fluoridated water or take a fluoride supplement if they live in a non-fluoridated area
      • Visit Dr. Peterson regularly for professional cleanings and oral exams.
      • Replace your toothbrush every 3-4 months

The following are indications of good oral hygiene:
      • Your teeth are clean and free of debris
      • Gums are pink and do not hurt or bleed when you brush or floss
      • Bad breath is not a constant problem

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DENTAL PROPHYLAXIS/CLEANING
A dental prophylaxis is a professional cleaning done by a dentist or dental hygienist. Cleanings should be performed at least every six months to prevent excessive plaque and calculus (tartar) buildup. Plaque and calculus left untreated can lead to tooth decay, gingivitis, and periodontitis (gum disease), which destroys gum tissue and bone supporting the teeth. A routine cleaning includes scaling and polishing procedures.

Scaling: This procedure removes plaque and tartar from the surfaces of the teeth. Scaling is performed by using hand instruments and/or ultrasonic scalers.
Polishing: This procedure removes plaque and stains, and makes the surfaces of the teeth smooth. Polishing techniques utilize a rubber cup or an air polishing. Using a gentle, low-speed handpiece, a polishing paste made with mildly abrasive ingredients, is applied to the tooth using a rubber cup. Air polishing sprays a pressurized water and baking soda mixture onto the teeth.

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NON-SURGICAL GUM TREATMENT
The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth form a foundation for the teeth. These structures are also referred to as the periodontium. When the periodontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes the teeth just as a bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. Signs of unhealthy periodontium include: gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulled away from the tooth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the teeth. Any of these may be a sign of problem. With proper gum treatments, however, it may be possible to return gum tissue to a healthy state. Treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or root planing done under a local anesthetic, along with local antibiotic agents, sometimes requires more than one appointment. If the gum disease becomes too severe it may need to be treated through surgery or extraction.

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HALITOSIS
Halitosis is sophisticated word for “bad breath”. Depending on the cause, bad breath may occur occasionally or may be a more persistent condition. The most common cause of bad breath is bacteria. Because the mouth is moist and warm, it creates perfect conditions for the millions of bacteria that live in the mouth. In fact, approximately 80% of bad breath is caused by something in the mouth.
Bad breath caused by bacteria in the mouth can easily be treated. Brushing your teeth, tongue and gums after meals, as well as flossing and rinsing with mouthwash will usually take care of the problem. Regular visits to Dr. Peterson should be made for dental examinations and for professional teeth and gum cleaning.
Some types of bad breath, such as "morning mouth," are considered fairly normal and are not usually health concerns. However, persistent bad breath may be a sign of more serious problems with the gums and teeth.
Bad breath may be caused by:

      • Poor oral hygiene can leave food particles to decay in the mouth
      • Infections in the mouth such as periodontal (gum) disease
      • Respiratory-tract infections such as throat infections, sinus infections, lung infections
      • External agents including foods such as garlic, onions, and coffee, as well as cigarettes and chewing tobacco
      • Dry mouth caused by salivary gland problems, medication or by breathing through the mouth
      • Systemic illnesses such as diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, lung disease, sinus disease, reflux disease and others

Call our office promptly if you have bad breath with painful, swollen gums that bleed easily or have loose teeth. We will perform a physical examination of your mouth to determine the cause. If we discover that systematic problems are the cause, we may refer you to your family physician. In severe cases of gum disease, we may recommend a doctor specialized to treat gum disease called a periodontist.

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COSMETIC DENTISTRY
This can be anything done to change the appearance of the mouth. Anyone who is unhappy with their smile can have it fixed. The upper teeth show, usually, only when smiling, while the lower teeth remain hidden. This is reversed when talking, with the upper teeth remaining hidden while the lower teeth show. The color, alignment, spacing as well as regularity of the teeth are the characteristics that give the overall appearance. Any of these can be repaired to give a stunning look to the mouth.

Our office offers a wide range of cosmetic options. Some of these options are whitening, smile design, recontouring of the shape of the teeth, veneers, bonding, and all ceramic/porcelain crowns.

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VENEERS
Veneers are a dental procedure in which a covering is placed over the outside (visible area) of the tooth. Veneers are usually only done to the teeth that are visible when talking or smiling.

This esthetic procedure typically involves two appointments because the veneers will be fabricated at a dental laboratory. At the first appointment the teeth are prepared and impressions taken. In two to three weeks the veneers are back from the laboratory, and the veneers are bonded to the teeth. The laboratory fabricated veneers are usually made using porcelain or pressed ceramic, and are very esthetic.

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CROWNS AND BRIDGES
Crowns and bridges are used to restore and enhance teeth that are damaged, or to take the place of missing teeth. Crown and bridge procedures can even give the appearance that orthodontic treatment has been provided.

A crown, also referred to as a cap, is used to entirely cover a damaged tooth. A crown not only strengthens a weakened tooth, but it can dramatically improve a tooth’s appearance, shape and alignment.
Crowns may be used to:

      • Replace a large filling when there is little tooth structure remaining
      • Protect a weak tooth from fracturing
      • Restore a fractured tooth
      • Attach a bridge
      • Cover a dental implant
      • Cover a discolored or poorly shaped tooth
      • Cover a tooth that has had root canal treatment

A bridge is one or more artificial teeth that are cemented into place using the teeth on either side for support. The materials used may be gold alloys, porcelain bonded to metal alloy, or all ceramic material made to match the natural tooth color. The choice of material depends on requirements for strength, wear, and/or esthetics.

It is important that a missing tooth be replaced as soon as possible. If not treated, the teeth surrounding the gap begin to shift into the open space. The bite may be affected by the changes in pressure and can eventually result in problems with the jaw.
Crowns and bridges are made by first taking an impression of the reshaped teeth. The impression is sent to a dental lab where the crown or bridge will be custom made for fit and natural tooth color. A temporary crown or bridge will be placed in the mouth until the permanent crown or bridge can be made. When the permanent crown or bridge is ready, it will be cemented into place.

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DENTAL IMPLANTS
A dental implant can be an ideal tooth restoration for people who are missing one or more teeth. A dental implant is a metal post that is surgically placed into the jaw. Once the bone surrounding the implant has had time to heal, a replacement tooth is attached to the post. They provide superior benefits, generally last 10-20 years. They are also a more favorable approach than bridgework, since they do not depend on neighboring teeth for support: they are independent.
To receive implants, it is necessary to have healthy gums and adequate bone to support the implant. A commitment to excellent oral hygiene and regular dental visits is critical for long-term success.

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FILLINGS
A filling is a way to restore a tooth, damaged by decay, back to function and shape. For a tooth that requires a filling, Dr. Peterson will first remove the decay, clean the affected area, and then fill the cleaned out cavity with a filling material. Some of the most esthetic restorations are resin. Composite (plastic) resins are custom made to a color that is close to that of your natural teeth, creating a more natural appearance.
A filling also helps prevent further decay by closing off any cracks or spaces where bacteria can enter. If decay, or a fracture, has damaged a large portion of the tooth, a crown may be recommended. Decay that has reached the nerve may need to be treated through root canal therapy.

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ROOT CANAL TREATMENT
Root canal treatment, also referred to as root canal therapy or endodontic therapy, is necessary when a tooth is damaged through injury or cavity, which is allowed to reach all the way to the nerve of the tooth. Sometimes deep cavities that require deep restorations may cause the nerve to be damaged to the point it needs root canal therapy. Once the pulp becomes infected, the infection can extend through the root tip and begin to eat away at the surrounding bone creating an abscess. By the time the pulp is infected it must be treated, and cannot heal on its own. This type of infection can weaken the entire immune system, which is dangerous, not to mention very painful. Symptoms that the pulp has become infected may include sensitivity to hot/cold or sweets, pain, swelling, pain to biting or pressure, and a bad taste in the mouth. Sometimes, however, no symptoms are apparent and the patient is unaware of any problem until a checkup is performed.

A root canal cleans out the infected tooth pulp, and disinfects the nerve canals of the tooth. The only other treatment option would be to extract the tooth. Once the infection is resolved, the canal(s) are filled in to prevent any further infection. Usually a core build-up and crown is recommended for restoring a tooth that has had root canal therapy.

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WHITENING
Tooth whitening is a popular procedure to make teeth whiter and brighter, and therefore more attractive. A special bleaching material can be used to whiten stained and discolored teeth, or simply to enhance a dull smile.
“Tray” whitening is a treatment used to gradually whiten teeth in the comforts of home. An impression is taken to create a customized tray that is used to hold the bleaching material.

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ORTHODONTICS
Orthodontics is the art of using appliances to straighten and align teeth. There are several types of orthodontic braces available, including traditional metal braces, ceramic "tooth colored" brackets, as well as clear plastic braces known as Invisalign.

Metal Braces: The traditionally used metal braces are the most economical. Metal braces are ideal when extensive realignment is needed.

Ceramic “Tooth Colored” Brackets: Ceramic brackets are translucent and blend in with the natural tooth color. They may be used if the metallic appearance is a concern. Ceramic brackets are designed to resist staining and discoloration over long periods of time.

Invisalign System Type (Clear Braces): This treatment consists of a series of clear, snap-on, custom fit, removable mouth trays that apply a controlled amount of pressure to the teeth, forcing them to shift. The system can provide a good result, but are not for every situation. The trays are made of clear plastic, so they are virtually invisible. In addition, because Invisalign trays are removable, they can be taken out while eating, drinking, brushing and flossing. Once the treatment is complete, a clear retainer will need to be worn to ensure the new smile stays in place.

Orthodontic Retainers: Orthodontic Retainers are appliances made from plastic and stainless steel to custom fit your mouth. It is acts as a guide to hold your teeth into place after braces are removed. The retainer holds your teeth in place so your surrounding gums and bone can adjust around them – allowing you to maintain your realigned smile. Although the time you must wear a retainer will vary, Dr. Peterson often recommends retainers be worn as long as possible at night.

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TOOTH EXTRACTIONS
Good oral hygiene should always be practiced since the loss of a single tooth can have major impact upon oral health and appearance. Although every measure will be taken to prevent tooth loss, an extraction may be needed in the following situations:

      • Severe decay
      • Advanced periodontal disease
      • Infection or abscess
      • Orthodontic correction
      • Abnormally placed teeth
      • Fractured teeth or roots
      • Impacted teeth

After careful examination and treatment, Dr. Peterson may recommend having a tooth extracted. Before a tooth is removed, an x-ray will be taken in order to understand the shape and position of the tooth and surrounding bone. Based on the degree of difficulty, a referral to an oral surgeon may be necessary.
Wisdom Tooth Extractions: Wisdom teeth are the last molars that develop. They usually emerge between the ages of 16 and 20. Wisdom teeth can be a valuable asset to the mouth when they are healthy and properly positioned. Often, however, problems develop that require their removal. When the jaw isn't large enough to accommodate wisdom teeth, they can become impacted (unable to come in or misaligned). Wisdom teeth may grow sideways, emerge only part way through the gum or remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. 
After careful examination and treatment, Dr. Peterson may recommend having one or more of the wisdom teeth extracted. A panoramic x-ray will be taken in order to understand the shape and position of the tooth and surrounding bone. Based on the degree of difficulty, a referral to an oral surgeon may be necessary.

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DENTURES
A denture is a removable replacement for missing teeth and surrounding tissues. There are two types of dentures available, including partial dentures and complete dentures. Partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain, while complete dentures are used to represent all teeth. Dentures can be made to resemble your natural teeth. In fact, dentures may even improve your smile! It is, however, important to remember that dentures are not natural teeth and will not function as such.

Complete Dentures: This prosthesis is used to restore your smile and allow some function if all your teeth have been lost. The dentures are custom created to resemble teeth and are positioned into a patients mouth to fill the place where the natural teeth used to be. Complete dentures are removable and require adjustments in order to create a proper fit with the gums and mouth. There is a big learning curve with any type of denture.

Partial Dentures : A removable partial denture is a device used when one or more natural teeth still remain in the upper or lower jaw. They usually consist of replacement teeth attached go a gum-colored plastic or metal base which is held in place in the mouth. This fills the space created by missing teeth, as well as creates a support for remaining teeth to slow shifting.
New dentures may feel awkward or loose for the first few weeks until the muscles of your cheek and tongue learn to keep them in place and you are comfortable eating and speaking. This will require practice, but soon you will adjust and enjoy the benefits that a prosthesis can provide.

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SEALANTS
Sealants are used to fill in narrow grooves in a tooth that cannot be adequately cleaned by brushing. Natural tooth structure has fine grooves or pits which accumulate plaque, not because the person doesn't brush, but because the grooves are too narrow to allow even one bristle into them. Overtime these small areas develop cavities. As a preventative measure, Dr. Peterson will brush on a coating that seals the grooves and pits, making it possible to brush off all the plaque and keep your teeth healthy.

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NIGHTGUARDS AND ATHLETIC MOUTHGUARDS
Custom designed mouthguards and nightguards are made of acrylic and molded to fit the shape of your teeth. Mouthguards are recommended to protect the jaw and teeth during physical activity and sports such as boxing, football, basketball, or other activities where your mouth may be hit. In addition, these guards protect the soft tissues of your tongue, lips and cheek lining. Nightguards are recommended for patients who clench or grind their teeth at night as a way to protect their teeth and bite from cracking and breaking and artificially aging your smile

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TMJ TREATMENTS
TMJ stands for temporal-mandibular joint. Temporal, as in temple area of skull; mandibular as in mandible, or lower jaw; joint as in it is where the head and jaw meet. Problems in this joint may be caused by a misalignment of the teeth, trauma, or excess muscle tension. Aside from the two bones that meet there, cartilage buffers them and five muscles are involved in the area. If something goes wrong a good deal of trouble can result.

Problems in this area can cause:
      • Headaches
      • Earaches
      • Trouble/soreness in opening and closing the mouth
      • Clicking or popping of the jaw
      • Pain in the jaw muscles
      • Soreness in the area, sometimes extending to the face

Dental treatments for the condition can include replacing missing teeth, moving teeth, adjusting the bite, filling gaps between teeth, etc. There is no one solution that is right for all cases. Sometimes an acrylic mouthpiece is used to prevent clenching or grinding that is contributing to the problem. If untreated and taken to extremes, surgery may be required to repair a badly damaged joint.

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SEDATION DENTISTRY/DENTAL ANXIETY
Dental sedation is a technique that can be used when a patient suffers from dental anxiety or dental phobia. We are happy to offer a number of solutions for our patients to make their dental visit as comfortable as possible. Sedation dentistry techniques enable patients - who might otherwise avoid the dentist - to receive dental treatment necessary for a healthy smile.
Depending on the extent of the anxiety or phobia, varying degrees of dental sedation can be utilized as described below.
Nitrous Oxide Sedation: Nitrous Oxide sedation, also known as “laughing gas” is commonly used to make treatment more comfortable. This sedation is inhaled through a mask that allows you to breathe in the medication and induces a state of relaxation during treatment, and is quickly reversed upon completion. Local anesthetic will be administered in conjunction with nitrous oxide for additional comfort.

Oral Sedatives: This medication can be given to a patient the night before a dental procedure or 1 - 2 hours prior to the dental appointment, depending on the severity of the anxiety.

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DENTAL TECHNOLOGY
In order to provide nothing but the best to our patients, Dr. Peterson uses state-of-the-art technologies in all of his procedures. These new technologies allow us to treat dental cases with extreme precision, detect dental concerns at early stages, and provide stunning and customized restorations. When you visit our office you can be confident that you are receiving the finest and most advanced dental care. We proudly offer and use the following advanced dental technology equipment.

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X-RAYS AND DIGITAL X-RAYS
X-rays are a focused beam of x-ray particles passed through bone which produce an image on special film, showing the structure through which it passed. This provides the familiar black and white images doctors and dentists use to diagnose problems and disease. Without an x-ray of the whole tooth and supporting bone and gum tissues infection or pathology that requires attention may go undetected.

In our office we use digital radiography which allows us to take x-rays using up to 90% less radiation than conventional film x-rays. Using this technology, we are able to take an x-ray of your mouth by using a small sensor which records the image of your teeth and sends it to a computer. The result is a highly detailed image of your mouth that can easily be enhanced to better diagnosis dental concerns and determine the very best treatment for each case.

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INTRA-ORAL IMAGING
We use small cameras about the size of a pen, called intraoral cameras, to help clearly see the condition of your teeth and gums.
With this advanced technology we can zoom in on small diseased areas, cracks, chips and worn metal fillings with extreme precision. The full-color images taken with the intraoral camera are sent to a computer screen so we can clearly see and diagnose dental problems much earlier than with traditional dental technology. Because images are displayed on our screens, patients will also be able to see areas being worked on and are able to gain a better understanding of dental procedures being performed.

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TELESCOPIC LOUPES
Dr. Peterson performs most of his dental procedures while wearing a pair of funny looking glasses called surgical telescopes. These powerful glasses have magnifiers on them, allowing him to see fine details that would go unnoticed to the naked eye.

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PAPERLESS CHARTING
Our office is a digital dental office. This means all x-rays and charting are made and recorded with the aid of the computer. This technology allows us to maintain your dental records electronically, and cuts down the unnecessary paperwork used with traditional paper charting. Traditional paper charting is difficult to keep standardized from doctor to hygienist to assistant. Even handwriting differences and coding make the charts look different. The computer eliminates this problem by using consistent charting methods that are accurate and precise, making it easy to read your dental chart and see up-to-date information. Digital charting standardizes the charting process so it is clear, easy to understand, and enables us to provide the most accurate and precise care to our patients. When needed, this method also allows us to quickly and securely share information with your other health care providers.

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ELECTRONIC CLAIMS PROCESSING
Our office utilizes electronic claims processing. This means that rather than sending your dental claim through the mail, it is sent electronically to your insurance company with the click of the button. By filing your claim electronically, information is submitted more efficiently and with fewer errors. This benefits our patients because the turn around time on claims is faster and fewer claims are returned or denied. We are happy to submit your dental claims to your insurance company on your behalf and always encourage you to contact your insurance company to confirm your benefits.

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